31 May TRANSFORMING INDIA: Challenges to the World’s Largest Democracy | By Sumantra Bose. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, Buy Transforming India: Challenges to the World’s Largest Democracy 1 by Sumantra Bose (ISBN: ) from Amazon’s Book Store. Everyday low. 21 Jul Drawing on his extensive fieldwork and experience of Indian politics,Sumantra Bose tells the story of democracy’s evolution in India since the.
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Just as understanding the politics of the United Kingdom is partial if the uncomfortable history of Northern Ireland is unacknowledged, engaging with some of the more challenging aspects of the Indian democratic experience leads to a richer assessment of political history.
TRANSFORMING INDIA: Challenges to the World’s Largest Democracy | By Sumantra Bose
These chapters provide the context for the greater depth in which three challenges to the democratic state in Dumantra are investigated: Explore the latest social science book reviews by academics and experts. The opening two chapters chart the political history of India from the s tooffering sketches of key events and movements, within the framework of the electoral dynamics of the period. The core teansforming is an important one, though it seems to this reader, at least, to be somewhat one-sided, paying too little attention to questions of political economy.
The role of the Indian government in undermining the legitimacy and representative basis of party politics from the s is clearly established, setting out the connivance of central government in the rigging of elections and suppression of transfofming. Modi led an extraordinary, presidential-style campaign, backed with massive financial resources, and the BJP won an absolute majority in May In this regard Indian federalism remains quite strongly centralized.
It is a complex subject to cover, tackled by a variety of approaches, from first-hand accounts of conflict, through literature and official reports.
Controlling the State government for 34 years, between andCPM rule was founded on a decentralization of power to rural panchayats and security of tenure given inia sharecroppers, the most common agricultural practice in the State. Often violent, occasionally making forays into electoral politics, such movements are extreme responses to the oppression and insensitivity of State and national governments.
The focus is on the development of the Indian party system, and the response of the governments to the decline in Congress hegemony and the rise of new regional mobilizations and movements. It is not at all unlikely that regional political leaders will once again hold the balance of power at the national level.
Sumantra Bose tackles this challenge by taking a dual approach, first offering a broad narrative of indix development, then using a selection of case studies to explore in more detail some of the areas and events which confront democratic sustainability.
trznsforming He draws on research by academics such as Bela Bhatia, who gained access to Maoist groups, to outline the political, military, and social agendas that have emerged from these movements, recognizing the challenges and also the limitations of such ideologically purist, violent mobilizations, and the disruption to the communities they seek to represent and fight for.
Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Maoist insurections have been a sporadic feature of Indian protest movements from the s, often taking place in regions populated by adivasi tribal groups across a number of States, from West Bengal, through Orissa, Bihar, Jharkhand and Chhatisgarh, and south to Andhra Pradesh. Harvard University Press, ].
The Congress Party-led United Progressive Alliance government was mired in corruption scandals, and seemed to lack decisive leadership, but the principal alternative party at the national level, the Bharatiya Janata Party BJPwith leadership problems of its own, had failed to offer convincing opposition. Such actions led to violent confrontations with the poor and marginalized who had previously been considered part of the CPMs natural constituency, and discontent was politicized by Mamata Banerjee who had rejuvenated opposition politics after leaving the Congress and creating her own regional party, the Trinamool Congress.
The argument is developed through an engagingly written account, in the first two chapters of the book, of the history of Indian politics since Independence, focusing especially on the significance of what was going on at the state level.
The multifaceted nature of Indian politics provides a challenge to those who want to address the breadth of experience across the divergent States and the dynamic nature of social, economic, and electoral change. Modi in his earlier avatar as the long-term chief minister of Gujarat, have shown an increasing concern for demonstrating their performance in implementing strategic programs, instead of ruling through patronage.
Transforming India — Sumantra Bose | Harvard University Press
Book ReviewsSouth Asia and the Himalayas. Harvard University Press, Previous post Next post. The CPM mishandled industrial development in the State, moving from a stagnant policy of support for declining industries to a welcoming for inward investment which led to the government undertaking forced land acquisitions to set up Special Economic Zones for business. Click here to cancel reply. His main research interests are representation and electoral politics, Indian politics, and institutions and devolution in the UK.
In the broader context of the international dispute, strategic considerations, and political sensitivity of the region to the Indian secular model of government, the chapter outlines the background to the militarization of the Kashmir conflict culminating in the state of warfare from to This is followed by three chapters, each one of which stands more or less on its own, taking up specific themes: To accept cookies, click continue.
Transforming India – Sumantra Bose – Google Books
The auguries are decidedly mixed. It runs the risk, therefore, of falling between two stools. Can they adopt a national perspective when it is needed?